You can suffer pelvic pain from underlying conditions. Here are some of the medical conditions that can cause pelvic pain.
Endometriosis— Research reveals that an astonishing 10.8 million women around the globe suffer from endometriosis with one-third of women struggling to conceive. Some symptoms include mid-cycle pain during ovulation, constipation and bloating, shoulder pain or difficulty in breathing. If you have any of these symptoms and medications have not helped, it is recommended to undergo a laparoscopic treatment.
Fibroids—Fibroids are benign or malignant tumors that develop on the inner lining of the uterus. Generally, fibroids are not cancerous and very few of them are malignant. These can cause pain or heavy bleeding. Laparoscopy is recommended by gynecologists to remove them.
Ovarian cyst—Some women have cysts which are sac-like structures that are filled with a liquid or semi-solid substance that develop on the ovaries. The cysts tend to go away without treatment. But if they do not, ob-gyn suggests getting the cysts removed with laparoscopy. The laparoscopic treatment has proven to be more successful than traditional open surgeries.
Pelvic inflammatory disease- This is a type of infection in the pelvic region which includes the fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix and the uterus. The infection can be caused due to the entry of bacteria that causes gonorrhea and chlamydia. This can turn out to be fatal if left untreated for long hence, see your doctor immediately.
Adenomyosis- It is a condition in which there is encroachment or movement of the endometrial tissue into the uterine muscles. Along with pain during your menstrual cycle, it can also cause heavier or longer menstrual bleeding.
Natural Remedies To Get Relief-
Use over-the-counter pain killers– Consume pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen to get relief from CPP (Chronic Pelvic Pain). Take them as the doctor directs to reduce the swelling that can lead to chronic pelvic pain.
Don’t just sit around- It is important that you keep moving around when you experience this pain. This can be hard when you don’t want to move at all from the couch but the thing is this is necessary. You might don’t know that exercise increases blood flow. When you exercise the body release endorphins that help you feel good as well as soothes out the pain. Hence, it is important that you indulge in moderate exercise for 30 to 45 minutes daily 5 days a week.
Apply heat to the area- Keep a heating pad or warm compress on the belly to get relief. The heat helps increases blood flow which ultimately helps to reduce the pain. You can also sit in a tub full of warm water to get relief during flare-ups. Make sure the water is not too hot that you burn your skin.
Make some changes- Stop smoking if you are in the habit of it. Nicotine, actively present in tobacco, inflames nerves and can trigger the pain. It is crucial that you lose weight if your overweight or obese as this can help ease pressure on the nerves and eventually get you relief from the pain. Making these small changes can help you get relief from the pain in the longer term.
Try taking supplements- Pelvic pain can be due to a lower level of vitamins and minerals in the blood. Take vitamin D, vitamin E and magnesium supplements can help you soothe the chronic pelvic pain. Talk to the doctor before taking over the counter supplements. Herbs can also help you provide relief by easing out inflammation naturally.
Relax as much as possible- Try meditating, yoga and deep breathing exercises to reduce the stress and tension that make chronic pain even worse. A bonus for you if you relax is that you can sleep better.
Best Solution To Cure Pelvic Pain
A hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus. It can also involve the removal of the cervix, fallopian tubes and other reproductive organs. Depending on the diagnosis of the disease combined with the physiology, doctors can recommend you any one of the following-
Abdominal hysterectomy- An abdominal hysterectomy is open surgery. In this surgery, a surgeon makes a 5- to 7-inch incision, around the belly. The surgeon then takes out the uterus through this incision. After an abdominal hysterectomy, a woman generally spends 2-3 days in the hospital. These are not opted by women because there is a visible scar at the location of the incision.
Vaginal hysterectomy- In this procedure, the doctor will make a cut in the vagina and the uterus is removed through this incision.
Laparoscopy is generally used to look for the cause of chronic pelvic pain, infertility, or a pelvic mass in females. Laparoscopy or key-hole surgery is also used by surgeons to diagnose and treat the following medical conditions.
Now you know that pelvic pain can be caused due to a number of medical factors. The doctor can help you detect the exact cause so that you are able to go back to your regular cycle. Eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly and avoid stress in any way possible. If you feel that the cramps you are having are out of the way, then seek professional help as soon as possible!
Dr. Garima Sawhney
MBBS, M.S | Gynaecologist & Obstetrician, trained in Cosmetic & Aesthetic Gynaecology (ESAG), Specialist in Minimal Access Surgery